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Aggressive fibromatosis is a locally invasive tumor that does not metastasize. Only few cases of scapulectomy for fibromatosis of scapular muscles are reported in the world literature. We present two consecutive cases of scapulectomy done for fibromatosis of periscapular muscles at the Department of Surgical Oncology in our centre between 2014 and 2019. One patient underwent subtotal scapulectomy by posterior approach and the other patient underwent scapulectomy below spine of scapula by combined anterior and posterior approach. The follow-up period of both the patients was 5 years. One patient developed recurrence after 9 months of surgery dealt by re-resection followed by adjuvant radiation. The modified Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score for scapular surgery was 20 in the first patient and 22 in the second patient. Both of them are able to carry out normal regular activities with the compensation from the opposite upper limb. Scapulectomy for symptomatic fibromatosis of the scapular muscles gives acceptable functional results and good disease-free interval. Scapulectomy should be considered as part of resection for better tumor clearance in fibromatosis involving muscles around the scapula. Further studies are needed to evaluate and validate the need for radical surgery in this setting.
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