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Exposure to aluminum has been correlated with the epidemiology of Alzheimer’s disease. Huperzine A (HupA), derived from the Chinese herb Huperzia serrata, is an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). However, its use in aluminum induced neurotoxicity has not been reported. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of HupA on aluminum-induced changes in AChE activity and hippocampal neurotoxicity. Aged female swiss albino mice were divided into five groups (n=10). Aluminum treated group (Al-S) received 30 mg/Kg of aluminum chloride (AlCl3) intraperitoneally (IP) for two weeks followed by IP normal saline. Three HupA treated groups received similar IP dosage of AlCl3 for two weeks followed by HupA 0.1 mg/Kg, HupA 0.2 mg/Kg and HupA 0.5 mg/kg. Control group received IP normal saline. At the end of week 4, AChE was estimated, and pyramidal neurons of hippocampus were counted. Al-S group showed an increase in mean brain AChE and Al-HupA 0.1 reduced it significantly (p<0.05). Reduction in mean neuronal density in Al-S group, was comparatively more in CA3 hippocampal area (p<0.001). Quantitative study found that 0.2mg/Kg of synthetic Huperzine A given intraperitoneally, was able to increase neuronal count significantly compared to 0.1mg/Kg and 0.5mg/Kg of Huperzine A.
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