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Abstract

Ashwagandha, also known as Indian winter cherry, belonging to the Withania Somnifera Linn. (Solanaceae) family, (commonly available as Churna). Africa, the Mediterranean, and India are all home to this species. It is 30-50cm high and mainly found in the drier parts of India. Since it raises haemoglobin (red blood count) and hair melanin. Withania Somnifera is known as "Rasayana," which means "strong rejuvenator" in Ayurvedic jargon. In ethnomedicine, it is a well-known health food and herbal tonic that is used to treat cardiovascular diseases. It can be used as a single herb or as part of polyherbal or herbo-mineral formulations for humans. It is traditionally used to treat various  diseases such as inflammation, asthma, dyspepsia, hypertension, rheumatism, tumor, anxiety, hemopoietic, antimicrobial, depression, immunomodulation, antiulcer, hepatoprotective activities, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, rejuvenating properties and syphilis. It has wide variety of chemical constituents such as withanoloides, flavonoid, saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, tannins, steroids have been studied. Despite the fact that previous review articles on this plant have been written, this review article is provided to bring together all of the most recent knowledge on its phytochemical and pharmacological activities.

Keywords

Ashwagandha Withanoloides Churna anti-inflammatory Cardioprotective Hemopoietic

Article Details

How to Cite
Kajal Panchal, Praveen K Dixit, Rajni Saini KM, Nagarajan K, Puspendra Kumar, Vidhu Saxena, & Sanjeev Kumar Chauhan. (2021). Withania Somnifera Linn as Herbal Source of Diverse Pharmacological Potential - A Comprehensive Review. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 12(3), 1879-1885. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v12i3.4788