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The first-line therapy for tuberculosis is Rifampicin, in combination with Isoniazid (INH), Ethambutol (ETB), and Pyrazinamide (PZA). The side effects of TB drugs that may arise if the drug use for a long time include hepatotoxicity and gastrointestinal disturbances. Carica papaya seeds has a potential effect to prevent the gastrointestinal distrubances caused by rifampicin and isoniazid. This study aimed to evaluate the gastroprotective effect of carica papaya seeds on rats induced rifampicin and isoniazid. Experimental design group was divided into 8 group, including normal, negative 1 (rif 50 mg/kgbb), negative 2 (IN 50 mg/kgbw), negative 3 (rif and inh 50 mg/kgbw), positive 1 (rif and inh 50 mg/kgbw + cimetidtine 18 mg/kgbw), group 1(rif and inh 50 mg/kgbw + EECP 100 mg/kgbb) +, group 2 (rif and inh 50 mg/kgbw + EECP 300 mg/kgbb), group 3 (rif and inh 50 mg/kgbw + EECP 500 mg/kgbb). Rifampicin, isoniazid, and EECP was given 20 days. The result showed that rifampicin and isoniazid induced alteration gastric organ, histopathology of the negative group also showed alteration and also decreased pH level.
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