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This study provides a deep insite on thePhytomorphology and Plant anatomy of Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr family- Fabaceae. Phytomorphology deals with external shape, structure and physical form, while plant anatomy deals with internal structure mostly at microscopic/cell level. Both Anatomy and morphology play a vital role in that physical characteristic of an internal and external plant during different ages of plants. The purpose of this study is to understand the techniques and basic principal of histochemical and anatomical localization of metabolites in Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr- a widely distributed plant in Western Ghats of India. Using a simple microscope, the initial phase of Phytomorphologyand shape of the vegetative part of leaf were determined which are collected during phenological phase of the flowering period. The current study investigated the anatomical characterization of the lower and upper epidermis and characterized the lamina and petiole of the vegetative part of a leaf. Primary and secondary metabolites of a leaf of Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr was carried out with the aim in improving the Quality, Safety and Efficacy of the herbal medicine. Established macroscopical and microscopical diagnostic features, which will prevent misuse and to avoid process adulteration. The information about this species and this manuscript brings additional data which are studies for the first time according to the author's knowledge. Considerable macroscopical and microscopical, Quantitive and powder microscopic features of the vegetative part of Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr were described in detail.
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