Influence of maternal parameters on the morphometry of hypertensive and normotensive placenta
The placenta is an essential component for maintaining pregnancy and the proper development of the fetus. Among the complications of pregnancy hypertensive disorders ranks first worldwide for maternal mortality and morbidity. Throughout gestation, placenta undergoes a lot of changes in its morphology and morphometric parameters. The aim of the present study to examine the effect of maternal parameters such as age, parity, height, pre-gestational weight, BMI and a gestational week on placental morphology and morphometric parameters. 80 pregnant women aged between18-40, parity1 - 4, gestational age between 37weeks-40weeks, who attended the antenatal clinic of the hospital and delivered by either vaginal route or caesarean section were included. Placental and maternal parameters were assessed using standard methods. In the present study pre-gestational weight shows a significant positive correlation with the thickness in both groups and significant negative correlation with the placental diameter in the normal placenta Height of the mother also shows a statistically significant negative correlation with the number of maternal cotyledons. Positive as well as negative correlation exists among variables. Longitudinal studies in more samples are required, and results cannot be generalized. Examination placental parameters and its correlation with the maternal parameters will help to manage future pregnancies, fetal outcome and maternal health.
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