Implementation of antimicrobial stewardship in patient with sepsis in criti-cal care unit

  • Waleed I. Ali Internal Medicine & Intensive Care, Baghdad Medical College, Head of Intensive Care Unit of Ghazi Al-Hariri Teaching Hospital, Medical City Teaching Complex, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Mustafa Neama Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City Teaching Complex, assistant professor in Baghdad college of medicine, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Layla A. Hakeem Intensive care unit of Ghazi Al-Hariri Teaching Hospital, Medical City Teaching Complex, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Hayder A. Fawzi Medical city complex, Baghdad Teaching hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Shams S. Abed collage of medicine/ university of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Ola J. Abood collage of medicine/ university of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Zeena R Abdulla collage of medicine/ university of Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance continues to increase among bacteria which cause disease in both community and hospital setting.  Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is a global initiative it includes the 4 Ds approach (appropriate selection of the drug, dosage, duration of administration and de-escalation of antimicrobial therapy). We aim to have a microbiological profile and to assess the uses of antibiotics in critically ill patients in a critical care unit. This was cross-sectional study of 200 Intensive Care Unit patients in Medical City Teaching Hospital from June to August of 2017. The patients divided into two groups, 100 for each, the 1st without, the 2nd with biologic profile comparing both data. We included 200 (148 males and 52 females). The two most common microorganisms isolated by sample cultures are Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (54%). Patient fate includes improvement and discharges well in 38% and death in 46%. In the 1st group, 28% the antibiotics selection completely matched with culture and sensitivity results while 20% of these cases did not match, while in the second group the completely matching was 61% and the non-matching reduced to 14%. Klebsiella pneumonia is the most common microorganism, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The right selections of empirical antibiotics play an important role in clinical outcome.

Keywords: Antimicrobial, Biological profile, Critical care

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2018-07-12
Citations
How to Cite
Waleed I. Ali, Mustafa Neama, Layla A. Hakeem, Hayder A. Fawzi, Shams S. Abed, Ola J. Abood, & Zeena R Abdulla. (2018). Implementation of antimicrobial stewardship in patient with sepsis in criti-cal care unit. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(3). Retrieved from https://pharmascope.org/index.php/ijrps/article/view/266
Section
Original Articles
Article Level Metrix
Abstract Views: 9
PDF Downloaded: 20