A study on the prescription pattern of anti-hypertensive drugs in general hospital of Al-Quwayyah, Saudi Arabia
An open, non-comparative, observational study conducted on hypertensive patients attending the OPD medicine of Al-Quwayyah general hospital, Al-Quwayyah, Saudi Arabia by conducting patient interviews and recording the data on drug utilization form based on JNC-7 and WHO format. Total of 212 hypertensive patients were included in study, prevalence of hypertension was found to be higher in male in age group of 45-59 years, smoker and pre-hypertension stage. 60.38% antihypertensive drugs prescribed by trade name and by 39.62 % by generic name. It was observed that Monotherapy were most prescribed mode of drugs and in Combination therapy the frequency and percentage of two drug combination were found 3/4 of the total combination therapy similarly three combination drugs were 16.72 % and more than three drugs combination were only 3.41 %. It was observed that Beta blocker were prescribed most (28.77%) among antihypertensive drugs followed by calcium channel blocker (25.47%), ACE inhibitor (17.92%), Diuretics (12.74%), AT II Receptor Blocker (9.4%) and alpha blocker were found to be least one. The Conclusion of study was found that the Utilization pattern of Antihypertensive drug in General hospital Al-Quwayyah, Saudi Arabia indicates that Beta blocker were prescribed individually most as monotherapy and if combination therapy then 2 drug combination of antihypertensive drugs.
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