Knowledge, attitude, and practice on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among the adult population in the urban area of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

  • Muslimah Ithnin Department of Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nadeeya Ayn Umaisara Mohamad Nor Department of Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Norsham Juliana Nordin Department of Medical Science I, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nadia Mohd Effendy Department of Medical Science II, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohd Azmani Sahar Department of Medicine Based Disciplines, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Khadijah Hasanah Abang Abdullah Department of Medicine Based Disciplines, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Shamsir Mohd Aris Department of Surgical Based Disciplines, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohd Dzulkhairi Mohd Rani Department of Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

Studies assessing the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among the general population are still insufficient in literature. This study aimed to assess the baseline levels of knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of the adult population in Malaysian urban area towards NCDs. A thoroughly designed and validated KAP questionnaire was administered, and the responses were coded and analysed. The survey involved 207 respondents from the urban area of Ampangan, Negeri Sembilan with an average age of respondents is 53.52 ± 17.86 years. Seventy-six (36.7%) were male and 131 (63.3%) were female. Majority of the respondents had good knowledge (81.2%) and attitude (53.1%) towards NCDs. However, only 8.7% of the respondents possess good practice while the majority had moderate (56.5%) practice score towards NCDs. Older age category of more than 40 years old had better knowledge scores compared to those below 40 years [median=25 (IqR=4) vs 23 (5), p=0.001]. Female respondents had higher attitude [25(7) vs 56 (6), p=0.025] and practice [5(2) vs 5(3), p=0.007] scores compared to male. Respondents with hypertension [25(4) vs 24(5), p=0.002] and diabetes mellitus [25(4) vs 24(4), p=0.014] had higher knowledge scores compared to non-disease respondents. The findings of this study depicted that respondents in the studied urban area had good knowledge and attitude towards NCDs. However, the practice was moderate. To overcome this problem, repeated reinforcement with health education will bring about a positive change in urban general population knowledge towards NCDs, especially in younger and non-disease population.

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Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
ITHNIN, Muslimah et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among the adult population in the urban area of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 9, n. SPL2, p. 88-94, dec. 2018. ISSN 0975-7538. Available at: <https://pharmascope.org/index.php/ijrps/article/view/1747>. Date accessed: 18 mar. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v9iSPL2.1747.
Section
Original Articles
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