Main Article Content
This paper is a summary of appetite pathogenesis, therapy, and various mechanisms involved in obesity. Pathogenesis related to obesity deals with energy expenditure physiology and energy intake. The pathogenesis of obesity also contributes to energy regulation. Obesity usually happens when the consumption of energy is more than energy expenditure. It also includes relative research of monogenetic triggers contributing to deficiency of nutrition consumption and depression in key legislation. Obesity therapy involves the finding of hormones, neuropeptides, receptors, and transcription factors that involve the growth and regulation of eating behaviour, metabolic rate, and adipocyte. This paper also deals with various pathways which have a huge scientific basis in research in obesity. This review also focusses on the relation the pathways share by bringing them under one preview to understand their importance in the research area of obesity. It also includes comparative research and study work, which included the role and importance of various mediators like PYY, Ghrelin, Leptin, Adiponectin, along with inflammatory mediators like TNF Alpha and Interleukins. An insight into the role of oxidative stress highlighting its role and importance in obesity is also reviewed. Obesity therapy overview as well as newer strategies are also discussed. It also includes the methodology of exploration and obesity treatment in a novel way. Overall the review is a blend that incorporates major problems along with the latest treatment strategies to understand the demonic nature of this disease.
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