Depression, Anxiety and Stress Among a Sample of Chronic Hepatitis C Patients in AL-Najaf Province /Iraq

  • Hanan Najem Najaf Department of clinical pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq
  • Dheyaa J. Kadhim Department of clinical pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Ahmed J. Alkofee Gastroenterology and Hepatology Center, Al-Sader Medical City, Najaf, Iraq
  • Dheyaa A. Al-Mashhadani Gastroenterology and Hepatology Center, Al-Sader Medical City, Najaf, Iraq

Abstract

Previous studies in Euro-American countries have shown that patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection have increased levels of neuropsychiatric symptoms. While chronic hepatitis C virus infection has been reported in Arab countries such as Iraq, there is little studies about the neuropsychological burden associated with chronic hepatitis C among patients in the Arab region. The aim of the current study was to measure the prevalence and level of severity of depression, anxiety and stress among a sample of chronic hepatitis C patients in AL-Najaf province /Iraq. The current study was cross-sectional study carried out on (110) already diagnosed chronic viral hepatitis C patients who attended the Gastroenterology and Hepatology Center/Al-Sader Medical City/Najaf/Iraq during November 2018 to May 2019. In addition, (100) apparently healthy subjects were included as a control group. The Arabic version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to assess mental health. Both the prevalence rates and severity levels of depression, anxiety and stress were significantly higher in chronic hepatitis C patients compared to the control group (P<0.001). Stress level is negatively correlated with age and is significantly more in single. Anxiety level is less with a higher level of education. Depression was significantly higher in those having children. The study indicates that the presence of chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with a higher risk of psychological burden. Accordingly, meeting the psychological needs of such patients would need to be addressed.

Keywords: Chronic hepatitis C infection, depression, anxiety, stress, Iraq

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Published
2019-10-16
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How to Cite
Hanan Najem Najaf, Dheyaa J. Kadhim, Ahmed J. Alkofee, & Dheyaa A. Al-Mashhadani. (2019). Depression, Anxiety and Stress Among a Sample of Chronic Hepatitis C Patients in AL-Najaf Province /Iraq. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(4), 3170-3177. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v10i4.1616
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Original Articles
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