Dual evaluation of some novel chalcone annulated pyrazolines as anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agents via in-silico target study on cyclooxygenase-2
A novel series of chalcone bearing pyrazoline moieties were (P1 to P7) synthesized and characterized by various analytical techniques. The anti-inflammatory studies showed the compounds P1, P2, P5, and P6 have produced the noteworthy inhibition on protein denaturation (81.39 - 96.57 %) when compared to standard 98.17% whereas, the antiproteinase activity was in the range of 84.55- 90.44 % when compared to the standard, 95.95 %. The compounds, P1, P2, P5 (2-Cl, 4- Cl & -NO2 substituent) bearing electron-withdrawing groups and the compounds P3 & P6 (4-N(CH3)2 & -OH substituent) possessing electron-donating group in its phenyl ring system exhibited the prominent activity. Further, to explore the molecular mechanism, the in-silico docking study against COX-2 enzyme was performed. The compounds were also screened for their antibacterial activities. Among them, the compounds P1, P2, P3, P5 and P6 showed the significant antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative pathogen such as, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Serratia marcescens and Staphylococcus typhi with maximum zone of inhibition within the range of 12-14 mm and 19-25 mm for 100 and 200 µg/ml concentrations respectively when compared to that of standard drug Gentamycin, whose ranges between 15-18 mm and 25-28 mm correspondingly.
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