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Every Industry has problems of effluent treatment. This can be revealed by the effective treatment of the effluent. The effective treatment can be done by using microorganisms to stabilize the organic and inorganic load of the effluent. The aim of the present work is to study the Industrial effluent microbiota and to identify some new active strains which can bring about fast biodegradation of the organic compounds. Studies were carried out to isolate the microorganisms from the collected effluent sample from the Industries of Bollaram, Hyderabad. An investigation was carried out to analyze Physicochemical parameters like Total suspended solids (TSS), Total dissolved solids (TDS), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of untreated effluent and to degrade the effluent using native and non-native bacteria. The results of the parameters analysis revealed that untreated effluent was black in colour with an offensive odour. pH was alkaline with a high organic load such as TSS, TDS, BOD and COD which were higher than the permissible since the effluent had a high organic load, microbes (bacteria) present within the effluent was identified and isolated. The results of the study revealed the occurrence of Pseudomonas spp. And named as Pseudomonas auruginosa ES10. The presence of bacteria indicates the pollution status of the untreated tannery effluent, suggesting that it should be treated before its disposal using the biological method, particularly native and non-native bacteria for comparing their degrading efficiency. The results of the degradation study show that native bacteria Pseudomonas auruginosa ES10 was found to be very much successful in the reduction of toxic substances at the percentage range of 60-90% at different pH and incubation time, the bio-treated water can be reused for the agricultural and aqua-cultural purposes.
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