Effects of resistance training and aerobic exercise on the fitness of old adults

  • Sujatha B Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Thandalaam, Chennai-602105 Tamil Nadu, India
  • Ramesh Deepak Ethiraj Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Thandalaam, Chennai-602105 Tamil Nadu, India
  • Brite Saghaya Rayna A Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Thandalaam, Chennai-602105 Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

The study aims to determine the effects of resistance training and aerobic exercise in old adults. The methodology of the study is, 30 individuals will be selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The detailed procedure will be explained in the patient's words, and informed consent will be obtained from all the participants. Effects of resistance training and aerobic exercise will be evaluated in the subjects. The post-test value will be taken after four weeks. The results we determined from the statistical analysis, it has been revealed that there is a significant improvement in the physical fitness of the Aerobic Group than the Resistance Group. In the Six-Minute Walk test for the Aerobic Group, the pre-test mean is 394.73, with the standard deviation being 13.94 and the post-test mean being 460.33 with a standard deviation of 20.87, p-value less than 0.001. In the TUG test for the Aerobic Group, the pre-test mean is 18.73 with a standard deviation of 1.79 and the post-test mean is 14.87 with a standard deviation of 2.50 with a p-value less than 0.001. In the Six-Minute Walk test for the Resistance Group, the pre-test mean is 395.27 with a standard deviation of 13.65 and the post-test value is 427.73 with a standard deviation of 14.07 with the p-value being less than 0.0001. In the TUG test for the Resistance Group, the pre-test mean is 18.73 with a standard deviation of 1.79 and the post-test mean is 16.87 with a standard deviation of 1.92 and the p-value being less than 0.0001. Hence, we conclude that It has been proved statistically that although improvements have been observed in both groups, the improvement is much more significant in the Aerobic Group than it is in the Resistance Group.

Keywords: Aerobic exercise, Resistance exercise, Six-minute walk test, Old adults

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Published
2019-01-05
Citations
How to Cite
Sujatha B, Ramesh Deepak Ethiraj, & Brite Saghaya Rayna A. (2019). Effects of resistance training and aerobic exercise on the fitness of old adults. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(1), 65-69. Retrieved from https://pharmascope.org/index.php/ijrps/article/view/12
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Original Articles
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