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From thousands of years, the traditional medicinal plants were used for the treatment of various diseases based on knowledge and experience. Many of these plants failed to draw attention for their useful medicinal properties and remain to be undiscovered. In recent years, many traditional plants from various genus, species and families were evaluated scientifically for their role in prevention and treatment of many diseased conditions. The genus Vitex contains 270 species all over the world with diverse medicinal active constituents and properties. The present review focuses on one of such traditional plant Vitex trifola Linn. from genus Vitex, its pharmacological and biological effects, isolated and known potential phytoconstituents of therapeutic importance.
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