Main Article Content


At present, there is a paucity of Malaysian policy on paediatric first aid training for childcare providers. Thus, this study has developed a first aid module called FAT4CP© for childcare providers and aim to determine the acceptance level of the module and validate an instrument that evaluates the competency of their knowledge, attitude and confidence (KAC) in conducting first aid. Focusing on the content, graphics and design, evaluation of acceptance for the module involved 15 childcare providers with at least one year of experience in handling children at childcare centres and 15 healthcare professionals. Together with the module, an assessment tool was developed, with content and face validity assessed by content experts. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to 70 childcare providers to measure their first aid KAC. Construct validity of the questionnaire was examined using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) with principal component methods and varimax rotation. Cronbach's α values were used to estimate the reliability of the questionnaire. This study revealed that the module was well accepted with a majority of the childcare providers (93.3%, n=14) indicated that they understood the information contained in the module. The first aid assessment tool was also found to be reliable in measuring knowledge, attitude and confidence among childcare providers with Cronbach's alpha of 0.56, 0.95 and 0.92, respectively. For content validity, the questionnaires were critically reviewed in terms of relevance, clarity, simplicity, and ambiguity. In conclusion, the findings of this study demonstrated that the module was well received, and the assessment tool is valid and reliable in measuring first aid KAC among childcare providers.


Assessment tool First aid Knowledge Attitude and Confidence Childcare provider

Article Details

How to Cite
Norsham Juliana, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Nur Iqmaliza Akmal Mohd Kamal, Sa’ida Munira Johari, Nur Azma Amin, Izuddin Fahmy Abu, & Sahar Azmani. (2018). Validation of FAT4CP© first aid module and assessment tool: Evaluating module acceptance and the Knowledge, Attitude and Confidence (KAC) on first aid response among childcare providers. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(SPL 2), 36-43. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)