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Abstract

Herbal plants show a growing interest in natural antioxidant, also play an important role in the treatment of muscle pain, stomach problems, wounds etc. About 75 to 80% of the world population uses herbal medicine. One such herb (Marine Plants) used in the treatment of cancer is Syringodium isoetifolium. In a previous study, Syringodium isoetifolium  with three different extracts (Aqueous, ethanol and 70% hydroalcohol) proves the presence of phytocompound such as Tannin, Saponin, Flavonoids, Stroids, Terpenoids, coumarin etc and also has high antioxidant activity. The current study aims to identify the bioactive compounds from the hydroalcoholic extract of Syringodium isoetifolium. The photo components present in the hydroalcoholic extract was determined by GC-MS Analysis and the mass spectra of compounds present in the extract were matched with the National Institute of Standards and Technology library.  20 different phytocompounds were found to be present in the hydroalcoholic extract of Syringodium isoetifolium using GC-MS analysis. Some of the important phytocompounds are Hexanoic acid, Methyl ester, Octadecanoic acid, 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis(2-methylpropyl) ester, 1-Isopropylidene-3-methyl-3-vinylcyclobutane.  The study reveals that the identified phytocompounds from the hydroalcoholic extract of Syringodium isoetifolium has essential biological activities such as Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antimicrobial, Antifouling and Anticancer properties. Further depth of the study will deal with the exact mode of action of the phytocompounds.

Keywords

Syringodium isoetifolium Hydroalcoholic extract Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry Analysis Octadecanoic acid Biological activities

Article Details

How to Cite
Kalaivani P, & Amudha P. (2021). Identification of Bioactive Components in the Hydroalcoholic Extract of Syringodium Isoetifolium and Assessment of its Biological Activity by Gas Chromatography – Masspectrometry. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 12(2), 1168-1173. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v12i2.4650