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Fractures around the hip joint in the elderly is a major health concern with respect to perioperative and post operative morbidity, especially in the 1-year postoperative period. The prospective and retrospective study was carried out at Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad, over a period of 1 year. Various comorbidities play a detrimental role in the postoperative outcome of these fractures. 100 patients of the gediatric age group with fracture around the hip joint were studied and followed for about a year to assess 1-year morbidity. An attempt is made to categorize all the comorbidities and create a Comorbidity Index. The Predictors included in the Comorbidity Index are age, pre-fracture mobility, anaemia, gender, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, renal disease, dementia, alcohol dependence, tobacco chewing, serum protein levels, previous surgeries, stroke, antiplatelet drug intake, duration between operation and death and cause of death. The outcome of the Comorbidity Index determines the deceased patients had an average of 13.73 Comorbidity Index Score, whereas the non-deceased patients had an average of 4.95 Comorbidity Index Score. This score can also be helpful in providing counselling to the patient and the patient's relative about the patient's outcome for surgery. This score will also prove useful in reducing medico-legal complications and will be documented and explained to the patient's relatives.
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