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Abstract

In rural places of our country, burns have become frequent accidents due to the use of floor-based stoves & kerosene lamps. Suicides due to burns are also quite usual in our country. The objective of this study is to evaluate the necessity of early excision of the burn wound and skin grafting to decrease the morbidity, mortality, complications of burns and stay at the hospital. Calculate pressure garment efficacy in preventing burn scar and contracture formation. To lay out cost-effective management for patients at rural hospitals. 50 patients were included in this study presenting with burn injuries, admitted in the department of plastic surgery from June 2019 to December 2020. In a recent study, Females (52%) suffered more as compared to males. Scalds were the prime root cause of the burns constituting the 52% of the cases. Infections of Burn wound was seen in 20 patients (40%). Pseudomonas was prime organism isolated. Wound excision was required in 19 patients (38%). Around 6 to 12 days, elapsed between the injury to the surgical excision. 19 patients required (38%) covering of wound permanently with STSG. The mean admission period in hospital for burns of 41-60% was 62 days, 33.4 days for 21-40% burns and 19.6 days for <20%. Amongst 50 patients, 3 died accounting to 6% of overall cases. This study concluded that initiation of resuscitation with untimely wound excision and permanent coverage with grafting can bring significant fall in mortality, painful debridements, limiting complications, decreasing the duration of stay at a hospital, curtailing the cost of health care and time apart from work.

Keywords

Burns Assessment Morbidity Resuscitation Escharotomies Antibiotic therapy TBSA Split thickness skin grafting

Article Details

How to Cite
Ajitsingh .P. Chadha, Nehadeepkaur A Chadha, & Kshirsagar A Y. (2021). Burns Management In Tertiary Health Care Centre. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 12(1), 822-828. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v12i1.4188