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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become recognized as an important issue affecting the health of millions around the world. It has been found to be highly prevalent in many countries, including India, accounting for massive health expenditure as well. The burden of CKD is on the rise in both developed and developing countries. The objectives were to identify and study the risk factors for CKD among patients attending Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai and to study the association between risk factors and CKD. The case-control study was conducted on 110 cases and 110 controls. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information. Statistical Analysis was done using MS Excel 2007, and Chi-Square test was also used. Of the parameters studied, age, residence, family history, smoking and alcohol were found to be associated with CKD and were statistically significant (p<0.05). The findings suggest that positive family history, smoking and alcohol may have an impact on chronic kidney disease in patients of South India. Hence screening and creation of awareness may help in decreasing mortality.
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