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The World Health Organization (WHO) describes infertility as a disability for couples in childbirth to attain pregnancy within 12 months of daily sexual intercourse. The reproductive years of women starts when she starts her menstrual cycle during puberty and capacity to have a child typically ends about age (45) years. However, it may be possible for a woman to become pregnant before her cycles end with menopause. Infertility affects 13–20 per cent of couples worldwide, regardless of race or ethnicity. The present study aim was To study the levels of prolactin and beta hCG in female infertility. And To correlate the levels of prolactin and beta hCG in infertile womens and healthy controls. The present study was conducted in the departments of biochemistry and dept. of obstetrics and gynaecology. The study was conducted on two groups of 40 infertile Females and 40 healthy controls. Serum sample used for estimation of prolactin and hCG, assessed by dry chemistry analyzer. Serum prolactin levels in infertile females is 33.96±11.46 and hCG levels was 86.38±12.45, which was higher in infertile female as compared to healthy control with a p-value of<0.05. The present study concludes that Hyperprolactinemia is a major contributing hormonal factor in infertility among infertile women and, as such, prolactin and hCG should be measured in infertile women.
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