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Caries or cavities is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. Individual tooth surfaces have different susceptibilities to caries which vary over time. Progress of caries towards the pulp leads to damage to the pulp. Caries 2 caries involve proximal surfaces of posterior teeth. The aim of the present study was to identify the association of age and gender distribution in patients having class II caries resulting in root canal treatment in lower premolars and molars. The data was collected from the DIAS - dental information archiving software. All case sheets were reviewed and findings are recorded. The data were tabulated using excel and analysed with the help of SPSS software. In this study, class II caries were common in the age group 60 to 70 years (73.9%). Males (63.8%) were more affected than females (36%). Lower molars (51%) showed a slightly higher incidence of class II caries when compared to premolars (49.4%). Within the limitations of the study, male patients showed a higher incidence of class II caries resulting in root canal treatment compared with female patients. 60 to 70 years was the commonly affected age group.
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