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Root coverage is one of the important aims of periodontal therapy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the connective-tissue grafts (CTG) and free gingival grafts (FGG) in root coverage procedures. A retrospective study of sample size 32 was conducted. These patients underwent a root coverage procedure done using grafts. The details on which graft was obtained from patient records were reviewed and analysed between June 2019 to March 2020. Excel tabulation was done, analysed and transferred to SPSS for statistical analysis. The p value was set at 0.05. In the study, it was found that CTG was used in 56.25% of the patients and FGG was used in 43.75% of the patients undergoing root coverage procedure. It was found that Free gingival grafts (25%) were placed more commonly in females when compared to connective tissue grafts (18.75%). However, in males, connective tissue grafts (37.5%) were placed more commonly than free gingival grafts. (18.75%) The prevalence of connective tissue graft was more when compared to free gingival graft at 36-55 years of age. Connective tissue graft was done more commonly in the age group of 15-35 years. Prevalence of connective tissue grafts was more in males than in females. Within the limits of the study, it was found that connective tissue graft (CTG) procedures performed more than free gingival graft (FGG) procedures following the gold standard for root coverage in gingival recession treatment.
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