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The automatic retinal image examination will be developing and significant screening device for initial recognition of eye diseases. This research proposes a computer aided diagnosis framework for initial recognition of glaucoma through Cup to Disc Ratio (CDR) measurement utilizing 2D fundus images. The system uses computer based analytical methods to procedure the patient data. The Glaucoma is chronic & progressive eye disease which damages optic nerve (ON) caused by improved intraocular pressure (IOP) of eye. The Glaucoma mostly affects on optic disc (OD) by enhancing cup size. It might lead to blindness whether not recognized initially. The glaucoma detection through “Heidelberg Retinal Tomography (HRT) optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)” have been more costly. This system proposes an efficient technique to recognize glaucoma utilizing 2D fundus image. The physical analysis of OD is a normal process utilized for identifying glaucoma. In this manuscript, we suggest automatic OD parameterization method is based on segmented OD and optic cup (OC) region attained from fundus retinal images. To automatically extract OD and optic cup, we used K-means clustering technique, SLIC (Simple linear iterative clustering) method, Gabor filter and thresholding. To reshape the attained disc and cup boundary ellipse fitting (EF) is applied to obtained image. We also propose a novel method which automatically calculates CDR from non-stereographic fundus camera images. The CDR is initial clinical indicator for glaucoma assessment. Also, we have calculated OD and cup area. These features are validated by classifying image either normal or glaucomatous for given patient.
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