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Abstract

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is a universal tool that can detect bone loss and diagnose osteoporosis. Long term of using certain drugs contributed to the etiopathology of bone loss. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) users are at risk of developing osteoporosis. This study aimed to prove the selectivity of PPIs in inducing bone loss in postmenopausal women by determining the T-score of the axial spine and femur bone. A total number of 215 menopausal women were recruited from a Teaching hospital and private clinics from August 2018 to November 2019. The participants were grouped into Group I, n=150 (had no PPIs treatment) and Group II, n=65 (had treatment with PPIs). All the participants were subjected to DEXA investigation. Group II patients showed significantly lower T-score of the femur bone, while Group I patients showed a significantly lower T-score of lumbar vertebrae. The percentage of Group II patients had a T-score – 2.5 in femur ward bone is 35.4%, while the percentage of Group I patients had a T score -2.5 in the lumbar-3 vertebrae is 35.3%. Moreover, PPIs users showed an acceleration of bone loss despite the age, duration of menopause, body mass index, and waist-to-height ratio. We conclude that PPIs users are at risk of developing bone mass loss in the femur more than in the lumbar vertebrae

Keywords

Proton pump inhibitors Osteoporosis T-score postmenopausal women

Article Details

How to Cite
Saleh Y S, & Al-Nimer M S M. (2020). Proton Pump Inhibitors Adversely Induce Selective Changes in the Bone Mineral Density Detected by Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry in Postmenopausal Women. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 11(4), 5453-5459. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v11i4.3175