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Adenosine is a protective regulator that act endogenously to restore equilibrium of cellular energy in response to tissue trauma. It can perform such function of different systems in the body by activation of adenosine receptors. Study the effects of systemic administration of the adenosine on tongue and salivary glands tissues in the rabbit model. Thirty male rabbits of body weight of 1.5 ± 0.25kg were included in the study. In control group (15 animals), one ml of distilled water was injected intraperitoneally while in treatment group (15 animals) were injected by adenosine intraperitoneally at a dose of one mg/ml, All animals were sacrificed after 30 days. Serum samples were separated and used for analysis of adenosine deaminase (ADA)and glutathione(GSH). Tissue samples sections from tongue and salivary glands were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and examined under a light microscope for histological changes by a blinded pathologist. Histological sections in treatment group showed congestion of blood vessels and infiltration of inflammatory cells with mild hemorrhage among acini of salivary glands. Increased level of adenosine in the body microenvironment may affect tongue and salivary glands tissues by modulating some processes including inflammation and blood vessels.
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