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Abstract

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (ADIS) is a disease of the human immune system that results in a decline in the efficiency of the human immune system step by step to leave people exposed to many infections and tumours. It caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The first appeared of HIV in West Central Africa in the late 19th or early 20th century. The direct contact from personal mucus membrane or bloodstream and physical fluid (blood, vaginal semen fluid and breastfeeding milk) containing the virus is the unique viral transmission route. Out of 80 blood samples were taken from different areas of Najaf city, Iraq, for ages from 20 to 60 years (males and females) to the period from 1/1/2019 to 19/12/2019. The surface antigen of the HIV was detected by the ELISA technique and mini VIDAS by a virus-specific kit. Out of 80 different patients by physical examination infected with ADIS: HIV viruses were the most incidences with 12 isolates (15%) while, there were 66 isolates (82.5%) were belonged to other infections and two strains (2.5%) were negative to any viral infection.

Keywords

ADIS HIV CD4 Najaf Iraq

Article Details

How to Cite
Thualfakar Hayder Hasan, Raad A. Al-Harmoosh, & Huda Jameel Baker Al-khilkhali. (2020). Identification of HIV virus in Najaf city, Iraq. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 11(3), 4866-4871. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v11i3.2783