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Abstract

Generally, vegetables contain various vitamins, minerals, and pigments that have antioxidant activity and can neutralise free radicals before causing damage to body cells. The research aimed to analyse phytochemical, antioxidant contents, and fibre levels of leaves extract of sweet potato, cassava, and binahong. The study was experimental research utilising leaves of sweet potato, cassava, and binahong. The leaves were removed and analysed for contents of phytochemicals, antioxidant and fibre levels. Flavonoid compounds were obtained positively on the 5-blades leaves extract of Cassavas. Polyphenol and tannin were undoubtedly discovered on the single, and 3-blades leaves extract of Sweet Potatoes and also on the five, and 7-blades leaves extract of Cassavas. Interestingly, alkaloids and steroids were identified on leaves extract of binahong, the single and 3-blades leaves extract of Sweet Potatoes and also on the five and 7-blades leaves extract of Cassavas. Consequently, 7-blades leaves extract of Cassavas contains the highest level of antioxidants (IC50), which was 44.46% (90 ppm). Nonetheless, 3-blades leaves extract of Sweet Potatoes contains the lowest. The leaves extract of binahong had an average fibre content of 28.45%, followed by 5-blades cassava leaves at 26.59%, and cassava leaves at 25%. The extract of sweet potato leaves was able to be developed as a source of antioxidants. Moreover, it contained high fibres.

Keywords

The extract of sweet potato leaves phytochemical Antioxidant and Fibre

Article Details

How to Cite
Nurdin Rahman, Fendi Pradana, St. Ika Fitrasyah, Diah Ayu Hartini, Ariani, & Bohari. (2020). Screening of Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Fiber Levels of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas), Cassava (Manihot esculenta), and Binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten) Steenis) Leaves Extract. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 11(3), 4779-4783. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v11i3.2771