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Ilex khasiana is a rare and endangered medicinal plant endemic to northeast India. Remaining largely unexplored,it is purported to have a range of medicinal values and may soon join the medicinal plant hall of fame.Extracts of the leaves were prepared using solvents of increasing polarity, namelypetroleum ether (IKP), chloroform (IKC) and methanol (IKM).The preliminary phytochemical screening indicated the presence of alkaloids, phytosterols, triterpenoids, saponins, reducing sugars, glycosides and carbohydrates. Free radical-scavenging activity was assessed using2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH). IKC exhibited the highest activity with an IC50 of 17.22 ± 1.87, followed by IKM with an IC50 of 26.93 ± 5.14 and IKP with an IC50 of 37.16 ± 5.11. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)was used as the standard DPPH scavenger and showed an IC50 of 8.31 ±0.72. IKM and IKC also showed positive antibacterial activity againstGram-negative bacteria such asEscherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, andKlebsiella pneumoniae, and a Gram-positive bacteriaBacillus subtilis. IKP did not indicate any inhibition against the selected bacteria. Our findings substantiate the basis for further investigations on the medicinal potentials of the plant.
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