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The role of mitochondria in liver targeting has been reviewed, which mainly focuses on acute and chronic. This is due to ethanol consumption, which causes liver damage. And how ethanol consumption affects liver disease. Autophagy, which explains the ROS production, in oxygen species, the changes that take place in it have been reviewed below and also helps us to understand the methods and drugs used in targeting the mitochondria differently. The mainly 2 types of targeting has been focused upon that is the active and passive targeting. The other different types of targeting are Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) targeting, Hepatocytes, the drug is targeted, Polymeric micelles, the mitochondrial membranes are affected by the proteins, and the Nanosystems used for the delivery. The other drugs used for the study are lipophilic cation, liposomes, and the TAT peptides. The herbal treatment can also be used for the treatment of liver damage. The herbal extracts that are based on the phytosomes and the anti-oxidants that target on the hepatocytes cells
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