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In the present study, Glipizide, a drug mainly preferred for type-II diabetes, is formulated in the form of floating mucoadhesive tablets to improve its bioavailability. Hydroxy Propyl Methyl Cellulose K200M, Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose, Carbopol 974P, Karaya gum, Chitosan, and Xanthan gum were used as mucoadhesive polymers in designing of the floating mucoadhesive tablets. Different proportions of glipizide and polymer were used to prepare tablets. Pre-compression evaluation studies evaluated the powder blend of Glipizide mucoadhesive tablets (Pre-compression blend). It concluded that the blend had good flow property and better compressibility by interpreting the data obtained from the test. Hence the floating mucoadhesive tablets were prepared by direct compression technique. The results of floating lag time, and buoyancy studies suggested that formulations had a satisfactory floating ability. The release profile of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (glipizide) from the prepared dosage form indicated a controlled and enhanced drug release for a period of 12hrs. An in-vivo study done for selected formulation. By the interpretation of data obtained from all the evaluation studies (Pre-compression test, floating property, drug release profile, & in-vivo study) concluded that formulation GF8 containing drug: Carbopol 974P (1:2) was optimized. The drug release kinetics of the formulation GF8 followed the Higuchi model with a regression value of 0.993.
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