Main Article Content

Abstract

Cocos nucifera L. or Kopyor coconut is the natural material plant that has nutrients content, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats and fatty acids. The potential of Kopyor coconut is mainly produced from water and soft flesh or meat. Some benefits of the meat have not been widely studied as an active drug agent. This study was aimed to identify and characterize kopyor meat extract and to test activity as an antibacterial agent. The maceration method was used to extract kopyor meat. The optimized extraction resulted in a yield of 23% efficiency. Kopyor meat extract was identified in terms of loss on drying, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, extract content and saponification value. Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of both dried meat kopyor and extract were conducted. The standardized extract had a loss on drying of 35%, total ash of 8.95%, acid-insoluble ash of 31%, and extract content soluble in water and ethanol of 56.9% and 0.6% respectively. The saponification value showed a value of 56. It was shown that both powder and Cocos nucifera extract had as same high activity as an antibacterial agent against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis therefore this recommended for further formulation and evaluation as drug and cosmetic.

Keywords

Characterization Antibacterial activity Kopyor meat Extract

Article Details

How to Cite
Dewi Melani Hariyadi, Sisunandar, Suciati, Isnaeni, & Noorma Rosita. (2020). Characterization and antibacterial activity of cocos Nucifera L. Meat extract and powder as a drug and cosmetic agent. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 11(1), 611-616. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v11i1.1864